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The Chotanagpur Tenancy Act (CNT Act) of 1908 is a significant piece of legislation that has had a profound impact on the land rights and tenancy system in the Chotanagpur region of Jharkhand, India. Understanding this act is crucial for anyone involved in land transactions, property management, or legal matters in the region. In this article, we will delve into the key provisions of the CNT Act 1908 and its implications.

What is the CNT Act 1908?

The CNT Act 1908 was enacted to regulate the rights of tenants and landowners in the Chotanagpur region. It aimed to protect the interests of the indigenous tribal communities and ensure that their land rights were safeguarded. The act defines various categories of land, such as “Khuntkatti” (ancestral land), “Gairmazarua” (government land), and “Sarbarakar” (land owned by the government). It also lays down rules for the transfer of land, settlement of tenancy disputes, and the collection of rent.

Key Provisions of the CNT Act 1908

  1. Protection of Tribal Land: One of the most important aspects of the CNT Act 1908 is its emphasis on protecting tribal land from non-tribal exploitation. It prohibits the transfer of tribal land to non-tribals without prior permission from the relevant authorities.
  2. Regulation of Land Transfers: The act lays down strict regulations for the transfer of agricultural land in the region. It requires the consent of the competent authority for any sale, gift, or mortgage of such land.
  3. Rights of Tenants: The CNT Act 1908 confers certain rights on tenants, such as the right to security of tenure and protection from arbitrary eviction. It also limits the landlord’s right to enhance rent or terminate tenancy.
  4. Settlement of Tenancy Disputes: The act provides for the establishment of special courts to adjudicate disputes between landlords and tenants. This ensures speedy resolution of conflicts and fair treatment for both parties.

Implications and Relevance Today

Even though the CNT Act 1908 was enacted over a century ago, its provisions continue to have a significant impact on land transactions and tenancy matters in the Chotanagpur region. It is important for individuals, businesses, and legal professionals operating in the area to be well-versed with the act to ensure compliance with its regulations and avoid legal complications.

PDF Name: CNT Act 1908 PDF
PDF Size: 2 MB
Category: General
Quality: Printable
Language: English

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