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1 to 395 Article of Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India, also known as Bharatiya Samvidhan, is the world’s lengthiest written constitution. It consists of 395 articles divided into 22 parts, along with 12 schedules and five appendices. This article delves deep into the content of the 1 to 395 Article of Indian Constitution PDF, explaining its structure, contents, and amendments.

Dr. B R Ambedkar, regarded as the chief architect of the Indian Constitution, helped design this elaborate legal framework that outlines the political and administrative structure of the country. It defines the duties, rights, and powers of various government institutions and the citizens. Let’s delve into a comprehensive analysis of these articles.

Structure of the Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution is unique in its length and detail. It originally comprised 395 articles, which have grown to 448 due to subsequent amendments. The Constitution has a preamble that outlines its philosophy and 25 parts containing the articles. It has been edited 103 times, with the most recent amendment implemented on January 14, 2019.

The articles are categorized into parts, each of which deals with specific aspects of the nation’s governance and structure.

Articles 1 to 4: The Union and its Territories

This part of the Constitution refers to the geographical aspects of India’s existence as a nation. It identifies the name and territorial boundaries of the country and the inclusion of new states.

Articles 5 to 11: Citizenship

This section deals with the status of citizenship in India. It outlines the laws related to citizenship at the commencement of the constitution and the rights of certain individuals who migrated to India from Pakistan. It also includes articles allowing the parliament to regulate citizenship rights.

Articles 12 to 35: Fundamental Rights

Fundamental Rights are the cornerstones of the Indian Constitution. This part initially included seven rights, which have been reduced to six following the 44th amendment act in 1978. The Right to Property was removed from the list and included as a legal right under Article 300-A in Part XII. This section also deals with the right to equality, freedom, and protection against exploitation.

Articles 36 to 51: Directive Principle of States Policy

This part outlines the ideology that should guide the state in its governance. It includes articles on equal justice, free legal aid, organization of village panchayats, and promotion of international peace and security.

Articles 52 to 151: The Union

This section details the structure and functions of the Union, including the roles of the President, the Vice-President, and the Parliament. It also describes the establishment and functioning of the Supreme Court and the role of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.

Articles 152 to 237: The States

This segment covers the structure and functioning of the states. It includes articles on the roles of the Governor, Advocate-General, and the High Court.

Articles 238 to 243: The Union Territories and Panchayats

This part deals with the administration of Union Territories and Panchayats. It includes articles on the establishment and functioning of local self-governance bodies.

The remaining parts of the Constitution deal with topics such as Centre-State relations, finance, commerce, services under the Centre and State, tribunals, elections, special provisions for certain communities, official languages, emergency provisions, amendments to the Constitution, and special provisions for certain states

PDF Name: 1 to 395 Article of Indian Constitution PDF
PDF Size: 872 KB
Category: Education
Quality: Readable
Language: English

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